ARCHITECTURE AND ENERGY
architectural and engineering consulting
National Building Typology
The software "Typology of residential buildings of Serbia" contains data on the national typology of residential buildings of Serbia, as well as data on typologies of residential buildings in local self-governments of Serbia.
The national typology of residential buildings in Serbia represents the categorization of residential buildings according to the characteristics that enable the assessment of the current state of their energy efficiency and possibilities for improvement. In accordance with the European methodology for structuring the construction fund, recommended by the European Commission (2012 / C 115/01), as defined in the international project TABULA1. The principles of the formation of the matrix of the National typology of residential buildings and a detailed view of the buildings representing a representative of each type were published in 2013 in the monograph of the same name as part of the set of three monographs of the Residential building of Serbia. The national typology includes 43 types of buildings, classified according to the characteristics that affect their energy efficiency. For each of the types of representatives it is possible to review the data on representation within the construction fund, constructive elements, energy performance, proposal of improvement measures through two levels - improvement 1 and 2, as well as module "my intervention" through which various measures of improvement of the selected type.
The typology of local self-governments is the categorization of residential buildings that are made in accordance with the principles of the formation of the National typology, but on the sample of residential buildings of the selected local self-government. In this way, statistical data on the representation of recognized types in local self-government are obtained, and a local typological matrix is formed, which does not have to be the same as the matrix of the National typology. Local matrices identify locally specific types, which due to the size of the sample are not recognized within the National typology, as well as the absence of types of buildings that are not represented in the construction fund of the selected local self-government.
The software "Typology of residential buildings of Serbia" serves as one of the sources of information in the preparation of energy efficiency plans, through the possibility of reviewing and using data on characteristic residential buildings at national and local level, and examining the possibilities of improving their energy efficiency, assessing the necessary investments and potential savings needed energy for heating, which can serve as the basis for making strategic decisions regarding the renovation of buildings.